. A hermit of majestic power. He was the father of paraśurāma
There is an interesting story about the birth of jamadagni
was the son of king Kuśāṁba. A daughter named satyavatī
was born to gādhi
. The hermit Rcīka giving a dowry of one thousand horses, each with one black ear, married satyavatī
. Once satyavatī
told her husband that herself and her mother wanted to get a child each. After the sacrifice of oblations to agni
took two parts filled with boiled rice and gave them to satyavatī
, with mantras (spells). The radiance of brahmā
was invoked into one pot and the radiance of Kṣātra was invoked into the other. The hermit had asked satyavatī
to eat the rice into which the radiance of brahmā
had been invoked and to give the other pot to her mother. But the daughter and mother changed the pots secretly and satyavatī
ate the rice in the pot into which Kṣātra radiance was invoked and gave the pot of rice filled with brāhma
-radiance to her mother. Both the women conceived. As the child grew in the womb the radiance of brahmā
shone on the face of the mother and Kṣātra lustre was seen on the face of satyavatī
, Rcīka asked satyavatī
for the reason. She admitted the secret interchange of the pot.
and her mother both delivered at the same time. satyavatī
got the son jamadagni
, who was the embodiment of Kṣātra tejas and the child with brāhma
tejas born to the mother was viśvāmitra
. Therefore, in some Purāṇas viśvāmitra
is described as the uncle of jamadagni
whereas in some others they are said to be brothers. (brahmāṇḍa purāṇa
, Chapter ५७).
४) The birth of Paruśu rāma.
Because of the wickedness of the kṣatriya
Kings, the goddess Earth became miserable. She made a representation to brahmā
who took her to the sea of Milk and told Mahāviṣṇu everything. Mahāviṣṇu promised to take an incarnation as the son of jamadagni
and destroy all the wicked Kings. Accordingly reṇukā
gave birth to paraśurāma
, who was an incarnation of Mahāviṣṇu. (brahmāṇḍa purāṇa
, Chapter ५९).
६) reṇukā was killed. paraśurāma
became fourteen years old. jamadagni
went to the forest to gather fruits, roots etc. After completing the cleansing work of the hermitage, leaving paraśurāma
in the forest, reṇukā
went to the bank of the river narmadā
(Revā) to fetch water. When she reached the river, kārtavīryārjuna
and his wives were playing in water. She waited for them to go. When they were gone she got into the river. But as the water was muddy because of the play, she walked a little to the east where there was pure water. She saw there citraratha
the King of sālva
playing with his wife in the water. How beautiful they were! She had never seen so beautiful a woman or so handsome a man
. She stood there looking at them for a while. When she reached the hermitage with water, jamadagni
had already returned a long while ago. He had returned weary and tired of the heat of the midday-sun. He did not see his wife in the hermitage. He had been sitting very angry when reṇukā
returned with water. She put
the pot down and bowed before her husband and told him the reason for her being late. When he heard the reason his anger blazed. He called his sons one by one and ordered them to kill her. But the four elder sons did not dare to execute his order saying that slaughter of a woman was a great sin. But paraśurāma
came forward and by a cutting-arrow cut off the head of his mother. The father called the four sons who disobeyed him and cursed them thus:
“Since you have disobeyed the order of your father, because of your ignorance, you shall become foresters and live in forest.”
Being overwhelmed with sorrow at the death
of his mother, paraśurāma
swooned and fell down. When his anger subsided, discretion dawned on jamadagni
. He aroused his son and took him on his lap and asked him what boon he wanted for having accomplished the unaccomplishable task. Paraśurāmaऽs request was that his mother should be brought to life again. The hermit was pleased and he brought reṇukā
to life again. (brahmāṇḍa purāṇa
, Chapter ६०).
७) The sun gave jamadagni an umbrella and sandals.
See under the word cerippu
८) The temptation of dharma.
See under the word ‘Dharma’ para
९) jamadagni was killed.
, with his minister candragupta
and some attendants had been hunting in the forests on the banks of the river narmadā
. It was noon. The hunters grew tired of hunger and thirst. They came to the hermitage of jamadagni
. The hermit called his divine cow suśīlā
and ordered her to give food to the King and his party. Within a few seconds meals were got ready for thousands of people. The King and his attendants had a feast. On their return journey the wonderful cow suśīlā
was the subject of their talk. The King wanted to get the cow which possessed divine power. So he sent his minister candragupta
to the hermitage of jamadagni
with instructions to get the cow suśīlā
in exchange for a crore of cows or even half of the kingdom. But the hermit was not prepared to give the cow. The minister and his men caught the cow by force and went away. The hermit, filled with grief, followed the party a long way through the forest, and requested candragupta
to return the cow. candragupta
got angry and struck him to death
, and took the cow to the palace, in the capital city of māhiṣmatī
After waiting for a long time, reṇukā
started in search of her husband. She saw jamadagni
lying almost dead, in a pool of blood. She fell down and beating her breast cried aloud. paraśurāma
and other disciples came there. When she saw her son paraśurāma
, she beat her breast twentyone times(१) Seeing his mother beating her breast twentyone times, bhārgava caught hold of her hands and said “Mother, stop afflicting your body. Donऽt be sorry. I am here to end your sorrow. Since you have beaten your breast twentyone times, I will annihilate the kṣatriya Kings twentyone times.” bhārgava rāma took an oath thus, to his mother.)
and cried. paraśurāma
, took an oath that since his mother beat her breast twentyone times and cried, he would travel around twentyone times and put
an end to the kṣatriya
Kings. After that they took the dead body of jamadagni
and placed it on fire, and began to sing the song of viṣṇu
. Then the hermit śukra
came by that way and with the help of mṛtasañjīvanī
to life again. The lost cow suśīlā
also returned without her calf. (brahmāṇḍa purāṇa
, Chapter ६९; M.B. śānti
Parva, Chapter ४९).
११) Other information.
grew up in the hermitage of jamadagni
. (See under udayana
(२) jamadagni was one of the hundred sons of ṛcīka. (M.B. Ādi Parva, Chapter ६६, Stanza ४५).
(३) jamadagni was one of the hermits, who visited śrī rāma on his return from forest life. The hermits who came to ayodhyā from the North were, kaśyapa, bharadvāja, the Sanakas, śarabhaṅga, durvāsas, mataṅga, vibhāṇḍaka, tumburu and the saptarṣis (the seven hermits). uttara rāmāyaṇa).
(४) jamadagni was present at the Janmotsava (birth celebration) of arjuna. (M.B. Ādi Parva, Chapter १२२, Stanza ५१).
(५) This hermit is a luminary in the assembly of brahmā. (M.B. Sabhā Parva, Chapter ११, Stanza २२).
(६) During the time of the battle of mahābhārata, jamadagni entered kurukṣetra and advised droṇa to stop the battle. (M.B. droṇa parva, Chapter १९०, Stanza ३५).
(७) jamadagni once delivered a speech on the bad sides of accepting rewards, to the King vṛṣādarbhi. (M.B. anuśāsana parva, Chapter ९३, Stanza ४४).
(८) jamadagni vowed that he was innocent in the affair of the stealing of Agastyaऽs lotus. (M.B. anuśāsana parva, Chapter ९४, Stanza २५).